An example of a 3D visualisation, used in this case to represent an object.
This is an online application that presents backdated meteorological data from Augsburg, Germany. The tool combines the advantages of several static visualisations, such as tables, line graphs and bar charts into a streamlined display. The application is fully interactive and allows the user to look at the information from any angle she wants, literally.
Extension of a scatterplot to third dimension to represent measurements on sepals and petals of Iris flowers.
The map shows the average number of pickups for different times of the day and days of week
Roads in a local area within 500m of a postcode containing one or more shops where food is reasonably priced and which sell more than 8 kinds of fresh fruit and vegetables.
A graph designed to visualise the level of agreement between two raters. The black squares represent the observed agreement.
Annotated tables and charts
Presentation of range of visual outputs looking at the housing market. Analysis is annotated in order to help users understand the significance of what is being displayed.
Excel based area profiler covering a range of datasets allowing demographic description, deprivation context, and priority issues of your area in the context of other local areas.
Back to Back Histogram
A modification of the basic histogram in order to display information for two variables. In this case, the example shows the distribution of some reaction times by gender.
Bar - with annotations
Measures how much knowledge on Millennium Development Goals between 2007 - 2008. Arrow highlights more detail (such as info on ethnicity) on the minority 'know more than 'very little''.
Bar line chart
Chart comparing house prices to income for South East and England over a time period.
Billionaire rankings interactive data explorer
Ranking's of the worlds richest people, animated and interactive. Sort by various categories or show data as a visual dot plot or on a world map with an interactive change over time feature.
'Biopsy' map of Brentford, constructed through interviews, data, conversations and emotions from 200 local people. It is intended to reflect the range of opinions and viewpoints across these people.
A block histogram lets you see the distribution of numeric values in a data set. The x-axis is divided into 'bins' that correspond to value ranges. Each item in the data set is drawn as a rectangular block, and the blocks are piled into the bins to show how many values in each range. To see the exact value of a block move your mouse over it. If you are charting more than one dimension use the menu at the bottom of the graph to choose which to show. You can also highlight a block by clicking - use control-click to highlight more than one, and click again to deselect). Highlights are helpful for pointing to particular items when you make a comment or following a particular item as you change the x-axis using the menu at bottom.
Presidential Vote Margin by County for Pennsylvania, 2008.
The graphic shows China's international investments from 2003 to 2009 in several dimensions: as the percentage of the total exports; as the overall volume in millions of dollars; and as China’s foreign direct investment. The interactive features help make clear the growing presence of Chinese trade and investment all around the world.
Cartogram (distorted map) showing recorded crime counts
The two maps both show levels of recorded crime across Leicestershire at Lower Super Output Area LSOA level (with darker red representing higher levels of crime).
The map on the left shows the actual geography of the LSOA areas across the County. LSOA areas each contain roughly 1,500 residents - larger areas on this map therefore represent rural areas with lower-density population.
The cartogram, or distorted, map on the right shows the same data at LSOA level, but represents each of the LSOAs as a fixed size hexagon. This avoids the problem of over-emphasising the more rural LSOAs, seen on the left. However, it becomes more difficult for users to understand which areas are which - so a numbered key is used to identify particular areas.
Relationship between non-white population and level of deprivation (with different symbols for city types).
Centred floating column graph
Music sales by format, presented as a centred floating column/bar chart. Each column represents one year, with the peak year highlighted.
Choropleth map and dashboard
Oldham Neighbourhood Wellbeing Index. A modified traffic light scheme is used in the maps with red - indicating rates ranked in the highest 10% band, amber - the high 11-25% band, light green - the low 11-25% and dark green - indicating rates ranked in the lowest 10%. In maps displaying rates across the four themes, neighbourhoods with rates ranked in the 26-74% band are white, whereas in maps of trends and sudden changes, those neighbourhoods are shaded yellow, whilst those in white show no trend or sudden change. White is also used for neighbourhoods where no persistently high or low rates are detected. It is in this way that the maps themselves act as visual exception reports.
Circular interactive score card
An interactive dashboard which explores how the handling of gay rights issues vary by state and follow trends by region across the US
Circular timeline and bubble chart
The outer circle illustrates presidential periods, the governing party, and whether or not the President died in office. The first inner circle shows the "eras" in history that those time periods covered. The third inner circle shows key foreign conflicts and wars. The fourth inner circle (purple) shows key legislative acts (or series of bills) that were issued. Finally, the bubbles in the middle indicate the average national debt, as indicated every 8 years.
Colour coded table
Table identifying the most deprived LSOAs in Warwick county and each District on the Indices of Deprivation 2007.
CommuterView is a highly interactive tool which shows flows of commuters based on 2001 Census data (example below). By selecting an area (local authority) of interest within the UK, the major flows of commutes within the area can be seen by moving the mouse. Patterns of flows and major areas of employment are clearly revealed.
This is a lattice graph, that allows the presentation histograms for more than one variable.
Graph used to present differences in surfaces. In the example heat colours are used.
Correlation matrix plot
This plot shows a correlation matrix, using blue for positive correlation and red for negative. The ellipses represent the level of correlation.
Credit rating chart
Rank comparison diagram, comparing credit ratings of nations by different credit ratings agencies.
Cultural Map of the World (Inglehart-Welzel)
This is an application of a factor analysis plot, used in this case to display the 'cultural proximity' of several countries. This proximity is calculated based on survey scores on areas such as politics, religion and social life. The data is 'reduced' to some dimensions (displayed in the axis of the chart) and then plot according to how much they load in each dimension. This type of graph is used specially in qualitative research.
US housing market figures dashboard on data360.org.
Document cloud comparison
The two clouds show the words related to the focus word in both documents in the same manner as for the single Word Association Cloud. The only difference is that colour is used to indicate words that are unique to one document or another. The words in blue on the left are unique to the 2007 SOTU and those in red on the right are unique to the 2008 SOTU. As before, you can click on a word to bring it in focus or click on the top edit box to change it. The clouds are linked in this case so that they always show the same word for both documents.
Document contrast diagram
Document contrast diagrams use the familiar bubble technique and effective use of colour to contrast topic usage in two bodies of text. Gives a visual summary of the content of two text documents that illustrates shared words, words that are unique to one document or the other, word frequency, relative size of the two documents, distribution of emotional tone within the documents, related words based on co-occurrence, and the most common word in each document segment. This example is the 2007 and 2008 US State of the Union (SOTU) Addresses.
This chart shows a comparison between the level of capitalisation at two time points.
Dot plot showing crime levels at LSOA level for major crime types
The dot plot shows, for the twenty highest crime areas in Leicestershire at Lower Super Output Area level, the relative amount of each of the key crime and disorder issues compared to the rest of the county. Solid grey dots show the highest crime levels (relative to the County), while white circles show the lowest crime rates. Those areas shaded green show a reduction in recorded crime levels in the last year, while those in red show an increase in crime levels.
Double document shared word diagrams
Double Document Shared Word Diagrams compare and contrast two documents by showing both the unique and shared vocabulary and its distribution across the two documents of interest. The two columns of squares represent the two documents. The leftmost column of word circles shows the highest frequency non-trivial words found in document 1 but not document 2. The rightmost column of word circles shows those words unique to 2 and the central column shows the words that are common to both.<br />You can also input your text and generate your own visualisation.
An implementation in R of the Elections map produced by The New York Times in 2004.
This swingometer simulates voter’s change of preference among the main parties as well as the size of the change and its potential impact on the political landscape in each constituency.
Emotion map of Stockport, generated from drawings by local people (placed in correct geographical location) and route traces of 'emotion mapping' exercises.
Flow map of Madrid's cultural budget
A static flow map showing how cultural funding is distributed across areas. As actual funding is shown, a scale is provided to the left of the chart.
For further information in English, see the <a href="http://blog.okfn.org/2009/12/17/visualizar-09/">Open Knowledge Foundation blog</a>.
Frequency chart showing distribution of income for children and adults.
Funnel plot and map
Geowise InstantAtlas showing funnel plot alongside area map, bar chart and legends.
This a type of bar chart widely used in project management to display any given task schedule.
Percentage of 16 year olds achieving 5+ GCSE grades A*-C, comparing Oxford DC and Brighton & Hove UA.
Gapminder compound chart
Interactive/animated multiple-axis chart used on Gapminder site, here showing % Urban Population plotted against Life Expectancy.
Geographic cluster analysis
This chart is designed to aid the interpretation of the results of a cluster analysis, a statistical technique used to discover the underlying structure of a set of observations. The data set contains dummy variables.
Student population density in Bristol.
Ranking of the most deprived five SOAs in Southampton on the Indices of Deprivation 2007 domains.
This infographic looks at changes in home ownership and renting over the century, in England and Wales. It also looks at important policies and economic events which impacted on ownership and renting over the period. There is a focus on changes in ownership and renting over the decade to 2011, where home ownership fell for the first time since 1918.
Interactive chart enabling users to explore interactions between ethnicity, gender, type of abuse and likelihood of being a victim of child abuse. Values can be displayed using bars, bubbles, colours and position on the chart.
Interactive bar chart
This online tool combines several sources of information to display life tables in the form of interactive barcharts where the user can select how life expectancy is affected by age, gender and behaviour. The screenshot shows the probability of survival of the class of 25 year olds in England and Wales who are non-active smoker
Interactive bubble chart
From the website: "This image is a “balloon race”. The higher a bubble, the greater the evidence for its effectiveness. But the supplements are only effective for the conditions listed inside the bubble".
Interactive bubble chart
The graphic shows IED attacks on civilians, coalition and Afghan troops during the Afghanistan conflict. The interactive features enable analysis of change in casualties over time while the bubble map captures size location and category of casualty.
Interactive bubble map
This visualisation presents the predicted relative and absolute level of growth for the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) compared to other emerging and developed economies. The interactive feature of the visualisation allows to easily visalise changes over time as changes in bubble sizes. For example, it is easy to see the waning contribution of European Economies to the World GDP.
Interactive line chart
This is an interactive line graph that displays information about the unemployment rate in the US during the last 2 years in terms of ethnicity, gender, age and education level. Whereas this type of information can be displayed simultaneously using a contingency table, the line graph allows the introduction of time a visualisation dimension that allows to easy grasp of the changes and relative comparison with the desired population breakdowns.
Interactive tool to visualize the progress of the 2010 elections.
Interactive map and time series (Flu trends)
This map presents an estimate of the intensity of the flu in 20 countries, compared with data for the last six years. The upper panel is a line graph showing the current and past trends of flu intensity by country. The lower panel is the choropleth map with the shading corresponding to the intensity of the flu. The innovative feature of this visualisation is the underlying method of estimation: the intensity of the flu has been approximated based on the number of internet based queries submitted during a certain period of time. Analyses of past data have shown that this method offers good predictions of real levels of the illness.
A scatterplot looking at the number of years we can expect to live compared with the number of years we can expect to live in good health across the world. In most of the world, life expectancy is longer than it was 20 years ago, but often a smaller percentage of those years will be healthy ones.
Interactive time line tool
The 'Who Had It Worse' Time Machine. A tool from Canada that allows users to select their graduating year and compare the financial situation against the graduating class of 1976 and see 'Who had it worse?'
Interactive time series
This visualisation offers some specialised information about a couple of economic indicators: cumulative percentage of change of some currencies against the dollar and the annualized percentage of change in exports. The information is displayed for six developing economies as a way to show the relationship between monetary policy (adopting floating currencies) and the change in the exports. It gives detailed information for each country in order to convey its message to a relatively specialized audience.
This visualisation shows the volume of respondents with a particular view/experience and, within that, their characteristics. The vertical axes shows the value being measured (in this case annoyance by noisy neighbours). The Horizontal axis shows the numerical value of people responding to a particular level of the given value.
Labour Market Infographic
An infographic overview of the UK labour market including showing how both unemployment and employment can increase.
Language usage chart
Charts the usage of certain phrases over time on historical and contemporary sources.
The graphic shows the number of claimant of benefits in the UK, according to the statistics available for the Budget 2010.
The three lines represent the overall number of claimants (in pink, secondary axis, people moving off unemployment benefits (in red) and number of people coming on (in black).
Measuring statements from survey
A survey gives a list of statements to choose from - from weak to strong statements. This shows that the sample was split between negative and positive views on the Government's role.
This type of plot is used to visualise contingency tables by proportionally representing the size of the cells. It can also be used to visualise the fit of the log-linear model technique. The example shows a three dimensional table with data of hair, eye colour and gender in 592 statistics students.
This map presents information about the murder rate in the United States during 1976. It shows the rates in six intervals, relying on several smaller maps to do that.
A bar plot that allows the combination of multiple histograms and visualisation of several variables.
Shows the sample's level of concern about poverty in poor countries. Sample is categorised between the sample's segments (eg., activists, sympathisers).
Perspective plots are used to represent surfaces in statistics and geographical representations.
A phrase net diagrams the relationships between different words used in a text. Could be used to analyse interview data or other textual documents where a deeper understanding of the meaning is required.
Point comparison chart
Comparison of feelings of safety when outside in the local area, in the day and after dark for Staffordshire and Districts.
This is a very rich infographic that combines several visualisation types: bubble chart, population pyramid, comparative line charts, a map, pie charts and it is additionally fully annotated. The picture itself is crossed by a line (without reference axis) that communicates the main message of the infographic: the rapid population growth experienced by the UK in recent decades. The supplementary charts display information about population proportions, population densities, age and gender structure, comparison between migration related and “natural” population change, fertility rates during the last 35 years and lastly population changes by government region during 2007-08. The display is very rich and is successful at grabbing’s the reader’s attention by offering an appealing combination of related data.
Population pyramid identifying the age profile of an area benchmarked against the UK average.
Visualisation used to show the relative position of research objects. In the example there are four brands rated for several dimensions in a survey.
Quadrant plot comparing importance and need for improvement on crime targets.
Range and average chart
Minimum, maximum and population-weighted mean rank of LSOAs in each Government office Region for the IMD Income Domain.
Ranking Histogram for conception rate of under 18 year olds (per 1,000 15-17 year olds) in 2002-04 for all LAs in England.
Report a fault
Interactive map to report faults in services provided by a council.
Summary performance of Hartlepool on key child health indicators.
Research Funding Explorer
As part of the project ‘Mapping the UK's Research & Intellectual Property’, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills has developed this interactive tool that combines several types of visualizations to offer a dynamic view of the subject in the UK. It shows through time the change of the hotspots and intensity of investment in several subjects: radio frequency identification, plastic and electronics, regenerative medicine and advanced composite materials. The map on the left shows the investment intensity in the form of hotspots located geographically and colour coded by subject. The panel on the right shows the cumulative investment in each subject.
Life expectancy by disease (for males) in Hammersmith and Fulham and England.
Scarf chart of income tax by income level
This chart shows contribution towards total UK Income Tax that each income group (broken down by percentage) makes. From this, we can see that taxpayers with the highest 10% of income paid just over half of all Income Tax for the time period shown. Connectors between the columns therefore indicate each group's relative contribution.
This is a lattice plot that displays scatter plots for three variables grouped in three clusters, in the example. Useful for a quick visualisation of the contingencies of the data set.
Scatterplot: Fully labelled and colour coded
Scatterplot showing relationship between importance and quality of services in Southend. Scatterplot includes label for each of the services as well as a line to denote which services need improving. Services are colour co-ordinated.
Selectable bubble chart
US political party affiliation for each religious tradition - bubble size shows percentage of religion affiliated with chosen party.
The book of odds is an interactive tool that allows the visualisation of the odds of particular statements through the display of semantic networks. The window on the right displays the numerical information associated with a statement displayed in the window of the left as a node in a network. Semantic nets represent the conceptual links between interconnected concepts. Widely used in artificial intelligence these visualisations have also been employed in marketing and business as a tool to clarify customer insights.
Sensory deprivation map
Sensory map created by depriving people of sight and sound, and having them walk through an area while notes are taken on what they experience.
Share line chart
Chart showing the employment composition of the most employment deprived areas over time.
Visualisation useful in the display of contingency tables. The rectangles are proportional to the expected counts for each combination.
Southwark atlas of health (annotated map)
This map is part of a series of visualisations aimed at giving an overall picture of public health in south east London. In this map, it is possible to see the prevalence of heart disease using the gradation of the colour in the area and the localization of hotspots. The atlas of health comprises several examples ranging from teenage pregnancy to socioeconomic classification of the habitants and it is a good example of the use of public information in a geodemographic context.
Speech bubble browser
Guardian interactive diagram showing proportion of words devoted to particular themes during Gordon Brown's speech to US congress (March 2009).
Square pie/Waffle chart
This visualisation is an example of a square pie. A square is divided into 10x10 fields, and for each number, as many fields are filled in as there are percent. Consequently, the numbers remain readable by simply counting the number of fields covered by one colour. Taking a hint from squarified treemaps, the areas should also be as square as possible for better comparability.
Stacked bar chart
Stacked bar chart comparing citizens advice bureau issues for different geographical areas.
Stacked Bar Chart
Qualifi cations as a percentage of working age population 2008 in Bristol. Stacked bar charts allow direct comparisons between the partition of a variable for two or more geographical areas. In the example, the differences between Bristol and the region are easy to see.
A modification of the radar plot, it is useful in the presentation of multivariate data.
This visualization explores the possible changes in voter's preferences for the 2010 elections and displays the seats at stake for each possibility.
Text visualisation tool
The top left set of connected circles represents a partial view of a graph showing inter-relationships between words. There is a central ring of the primary words of interest and a secondary outer ring of some other words related to the central set. Click on an inner word to remove it from the central ring. Click on an outer word to add it to the central ring. In either case the words on the secondary ring are dynamically adjusted to show the 'most important words' related to the central set. The strength of the connections between the inner words and all the others are shown with simple lines. You can also hold down the number '1' key while clicking to make that word the only central word. <br /><br />The top right shows a collection of bar graphs giving the distribution of the primary words across the entire document. Underneath it is a small map showing the distribution of the words across the entire document. The bottom right gives a list of other interesting words that aren't already in the circle diagram - high frequency but modified so that capitalised words are boosted. These words can be clicked on to add them to the central diagram. The bottom left gives excerpts for the word last hovered over. There are 5 or 6 files you can explore by clicking on the upper left '?' icon.
Thematic map including area and hinterland
The Vulnerable Localities index mapped across Stafford district. Red indicates a high score, green indicates a low score. Districts are ordered by those with the highest number of output areas with a VLI score above 200.
Time change map
Map of UK by parliamentary constituency showing percentage of population claiming JSA. Slider at bottom allows users to choose a time point.
Scatterplot is used to compare of driving habits and petrol prices. Each point in the plot is joined to the previous years point, with the drawn path indicating order in time.
Traffic light wallchart
Join Strategic Needs performance, good or bad performance relative to the county average on health indicators for wards in Oxfordshire
BME population by sex, limiting long-term illness and not in good health(excluding White British group) in Staffordshire.
University collaboration map
Framework Programme 6 R&D collaborations between European universities that cooperate in more than ten research projects.
US gun death visualisation
Interactive visualisation showing the number of gun deaths in the US and the number of years of life lost
Comparison of what is important for people of different ethnic groups in making an area a good place to live.
A graph used in meteorology to represent the speed and direction of the wind.
A word tree is a visual search tool for unstructured text, such as a book, article, speech or poem. It lets you pick a word or phrase and shows you all the different contexts in which it appears. The contexts are arranged in a tree-like branching structure to reveal recurrent themes and phrases. Note: all submitted data remains publicly viewable.